There are a number of indications for the use of donor sperm. For example, donor insemination can be used when the male has severe semen abnormalities. The use of donor sperm for severe male factor infertility has decreased significantly over the past several years with the increased use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Donor sperm can also be used if the male is a carrier of or is affected with a significant genetic abnormality and the patient wishes to avoid passing this on to his/her children. More commonly, donor sperm are used by single women or same sex female couples who wish to become pregnant.
Choosing a Donor
Patients may identify their own donor, often a close friend or relative, or use an anonymous sperm donor. All donors require screening as established by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
RMA of Philadelphia works with various national sperm banks that offer pre-screened eggs which have already been retrieved and frozen. The sperm may be purchased and shipped to RMA. We are then able to store the sperm until the patient is ready to use it.
What to Expect
Insemination is timed to occur at ovulation. Blood work and ultrasound are often done to pinpoint the opportune time for insemination. Insemination can be done during a woman’s natural cycle or in conjunction with medications. The procedure, known as an intrauterine insemination (IUI), is brief and painless, and is performed in our offices. A very thin, flexible catheter containing the prepared semen sample is placed through the woman’s cervix into her uterine cavity. This procedure places all of the motile sperm in the uterus, close to the fallopian tubes, where fertilization typically occurs.
For more information on using donor sperm, please contact us today.